Intervention sites, design and outcomes

A complex intervention consisting on an Exercise Referral Schemes intervention with Self-Management Strategies will be delivered in primary care or community settings in urban areas of Catalonia – Spain (FB-FSIE), Syddanmark – Denmark (SDU), Baden-Württemberg – Germany (UULM) and Northern Ireland – UK (QUB). Each site will recruit around 335 participants randomized into three groups:

  • 1.ERS+SMS
  • 2.ERS
  • 3.healthy lifestyle advice in usual care (control)


Primary outcomes

  • Sedentary behaviour
  • Physical activity

Secondary outcomes

  • Physical function
  • Balance 
  • Muscle function
  • Health economics’ related outcomes
  • Daily step counts
  • Anthropometry and bioimpedance
  • Blood pressure
  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Self-rated health and health-related quality of life
  • Anxiety
  • Depressive symptoms
  • Social network
  • Physical activity self-regulation
  • Self-efficacy for exercise
  • Disability
  • Fear of falling
  • Loneliness
  • Executive function
  • Physical fatigue
  • In a subsample: Blood samples
  • In a subsample: Biopsies

You can download the study protocol (Giné-Garriga et al 2017 – The SITLESS project) from the sitless webpage – (Link)